Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)


Volume 6, Issue 3, March (2018)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Cobalt and Nickel Adsorption on Coal based Granular Activated Carbon F-200 & F100
Dr.V.R.Kinhikar
Abstract - In this work the adsorption isotherm, Kinetic describes the adsorption of Co2+ & Ni2+ metal ions from aqueous solutions by F-300 Granular Activated carbon were studied. In all experimental system, concentration of solution, contact time, rpm and temperature were studied. The experimental data correlated well by the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and their constants were calculated. Cobalt adsorption using GAC F-200 & F-100 is very rapid in the first hour of contact where maximum metal ions are removed by GAC followed by a slow approach to equilibrium.
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2 Effect of Sewage Farming On Ground Water Quality in Latur City
Sarge Datta Rangrao, Sachin Mane
Abstract - Sewage farming is truly basic in India since start of the most recent century; the use of sewage water for irrigation system has been perceived in India because of intense lack of fresh water for irrigation system. The study area chose is being utilized sewage water for irrigation system from long time because of deficiency of Fresh water for irrigation system. The study was done to research the impacts of sewage farming on ground water were investigated different parameters of ground water and sewage water . The samples of ground water and sewage water gathered from individual study region, The gathered ground water were analyzed for parameters like pH, Hardness, sulphate, TDS, phosphate,BOD,COD,DO,EC.The results investigated by Correlation and Regressions, have been utilized to establish relation between sewage farming and ground water quality.. The investigation uncovers that the groundwater quality status of the study region is poor, and it needs to be protected from the dangers of contamination by giving certain level of treatment to sewage water before irrigation use.
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3 Cost Effective Android Based Wireless Notice Board
Pallavi M. Banait, Nikita P. Bakale, Mayuri S. Dhakulkar, Bhushan S. Rakhonde
Abstract - In the day to day life, smartphone is gaining a wide range of importance in its usage and is portable. Thus an android smartphone can be for the purpose. An android application is installed in the user’s smartphone which permits the transmission. The project is based on the development of simple and low cost Android based wireless notice board which is easy to use. Instead of manually changing the notices through paper, this system proposes a approach of displaying the notices by accepting the input commands from the user and displays it wirelessly. At receiver end, a low cost microcontroller board (Arduino Uno) is programmed to receive and display messages in any of the above communication mode. Using the developed system, two different applications for displaying messages on a remote digital notice board and wireless person calling has been implemented. The developed system will therefore aims in wirelessly sharing the information with intended users and also helps in saving the time and the cost for paper and printing hardware.
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4 Performance Evaluation of Compressive Sensing and Differential Evolution Technique based on Energy Efficient Protocol in WSN
Varinder Pal Singh, Varinder Jit Kaur, Dr. Naveen Dhillon
Abstract - WSN is now days an important part of study in computational process due to its number of applications. LEACH is one of well-known adaptive clustering algorithm with high efficiency, LEACH dependent incoming signal strength results in formation of nodes clusters by using technology i.e. any single circular as well as spherical round, Base Station (BS) selects the main sink as well as it represents the various options for each and every node. The main objective associated in this paper is usually to boost network lifetime of several applications. LEACH has shown fairly major success more than the available WSNs protocols. However the use of the three issues is completely ignored the effect of the mobile sink, compressive sensing and evolutionary optimization technique. The demonstrated results show the improvement in the network life time.
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5 Optimal Wind-Thermal Coordination Dispatch of Power System using Hybrid Algorithm
Ambarish Panda
Abstract - Due to the uncertainty of wind flow, accurate modeling of wind energy conversion system (WECS) based power generation system and its integration with conventional fossil fuel based generation and grid becomes an imperative issue. In this context, this work attempts to model the combined operation of wind-thermal generation system in optimal power dispatch framework so that not only the cost of power generation will be minimized but also it attempts to do so while keeping the system operating voltage secure and stable. In this context, hybrid algorithm (HA) and artificial bee colony algorithm (ABCA) have been used to optimize the suitably formulated objective. The result demonstrates the superiority of HA over ABCA in obtaining the optimal solution for the proposed system.
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6 Automatic Generation Control of Two Area Power System using Modified Bacteria Foraging Algorithm
Ambarish Panda
Abstract - This paper investigates the design, modeling and performance analysis of a proportional integral (PI) controller which is incorporated with a two area power system. This design problem of automatic generation control (AGC) has been formulated in an optimization framework. Modified bacteria foraging algorithm (MBFA) is implemented to find the optimally tuned controller parameter which can accomplish the operational objectives i.e. minimization of settling time, peak overshoot and integral square error (ISE).
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7 On the Negative Pell Equation y2 = 7x2 - 14
A. Kavitha, K.Janani
Abstract - The binary quadratic Diophantine equation represented by the negative pellian y2=7x2-14 is analyzed for its non-zero distinct solutions. A few interesting relations among the solutions are given. Further, employing the solutions of the above hyperbola, we have obtained solutions of other choices of hyperbolas, parabolas and Pythagorean triangle.
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8 Design and Fabrication of Tubular Cored Sandwich Panels under Three-Point Bending
M. Bharath Kumar, V. Diwakar Reddy
Abstract - The aim of this work is to design, fabrication and optimization of the tubular cored sandwich panels using finite element analysis. Square and Circular tubes are used as Cores in sandwich panels. Based on the analysis, panel structure parameters considered are Core-Gap, Face sheet thickness, Core shape, Core height, and Panel Dimensions. The Taguchi design of experiments is used to analyze the parameters by considering an orthogonal array of L36. NX10 Unigraphics is used for modeling the problem and ANSYS for structural analysis in the transverse direction by three-point bending test (ASTM D790). Taguchi and Grey relational analysis are used for evaluating the optimum dimensions of the panel under three-point bending test.
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9 Machinablity Evaluation and Parameter Optimization of PMEDM Process of OHNS-O2
M.Rajesh, M.Sudhahar, P.Vijayakumar, D.Balaji
Abstract - Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is a non-conventional machining process used to manufacture intricate profiles, complex shapes, process hard materials that are extremely difficult to machine by conventional machining processes. This thermo electric machining technique is continuously emerging from a mere tool and dies making process to a micro scale machining applications. In recent years, researches have emphasized on process performance like material removal rate (MRR), tool wear rate (TWR), surface roughness (SR). Powder mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM) has emerged as one of the advanced techniques in the direction of the enhancement of the capabilities of EDM. The use of powder mixed electrical discharge machining helps overcome this drawback and increases the efficiency of the machining process. A suitable selection of tool can reduce the cost of machining. In the present experimental work, a study has been made to optimize the process parameters of powder mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM). This study focused on the machining of OHNS using graphite powder. The experiments were carried out as per L9 orthogonal array with DOE principle. Each experiment was performed under different conditions such as Ampere rating, pulse on time and pulse off time. The optimal factor for Surface Roughness was obtained, when Pulse on time is 8µs, Pulse Off time 6 µs and Amps-12 and Machining timing was Pulse on time is 10µs, Pulse Off time 8 µs and Amps-10 and MRR was obtained Pulse on time is 10µs, Pulse Off time 4 µs and Amps-14. Particularly surface roughness depending on the pulse on time.
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10 Study of Effects of Cutting Parameters on Cutting Forces Generated during Turning of Titanium Alloy and their Optimization
Niharika, B. P. Agrawal, Iqbal A. Khan, S. N. Satapathy
Abstract - Turning of titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) as round specimen were done to study the effects of various process parameters of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut on cutting forces generated. Box-Behnken experimental design was used to initially select effective cutting parameters to be used further for performance of turning operations. ANOVA was applied to determine the significance of the cutting parameters. The model equations are formulated to predict cutting forces. Optimal values of cutting parameters were determined through response surface methodology. The validity of the model equations were checked by comparing the results obtained from equations and experiments. The model was optimized. A 100% desirability level in the turning process for economy was indicated by the optimized model. Optimum values of the cutting parameters were suggested which can be further used for machining of titanium alloy that will generate minimum cutting forces.
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11 Experimental Investigation on Cycle Time Reduction in Second Pass Roof Panels
P.Viswabharathy, R.Harimaheswaran, E.Ajith Kumar, A.Aravindhan, I.Aravindan, B.Chandra Prakash
Abstract - This once through supercritical (OTSC) technology has become a focal point for increasing coal-based thermal power generation sector in India. Indian Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPPs), typically 4,000 MW each, were undertaken during the 11th five year plan (ended in 2012) and are slated to address increasing coal-based thermal power generation throughout the 12th and 13th five year plans. OTSC technology is expected to account for 40% of all coal-based thermal capacity additions during the upcoming 12th five year plan and all coal-based capacity additions for the 13th plan. These aggressive plans are set against a backdrop of fuel shortages as coal consumption has increased 6% while proven domestic reserves have increased only about 2.5%. The use of imported coals continues to address indigenous coal supply shortfalls. The Indian Central Electricity Authority (CEA) stipulated in 2011 that all future indigenous coal based thermal power plant boilers are to be designed for utilization of fuel blend ratios of 30% imported coal/70% indigenous coal. Thus fuel flexibility will become an issue of increasing importance in the adoption of OTSC technology in India.
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12 Stable Heterogeneous Energy Efficient Protocol with Optimum Clustering (SHEEP-OC) in Wireless Sensor Network
Mohammed Moyed Ahmed,Dr. D. Sreenivasa Rao
Abstract - Coverage holes and unbalanced energy consumption issues within the cluster and inter- cluster is caused by uneven clustering and uneven energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). We propose an optimized clustering and multi-hop cluster communication routing protocol SHEEP-OC, an improvement of SHEEP protocol. The optimized partitioning is done using RF communication based energy consumption model. Improved energy efficiency, coverage hole problem and balanced energy consumption of nodes in a cluster, can be achieved by using inter-cluster routing. It uses cluster head's energy and distance from the base station for selecting the minimum cost routing. The experimental simulation results show that the proposed algorithm effectively reduces the network energy consumption and prolong the life cycle of the network, it also increases the data throughput of the network.
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13 Automatic Cradle and Monitoring System for Infant Care
Tushar P. Patekar, Pooja S. Dawale, Pooja A. Jaiswal
Abstract - This paper presents a brand new approach in coming up with associate automatic swinging cradle system. Proposed system helps the oldsters and nurses in taking care of their kid while not physical attention. There is a need to develop a new low cost indigenous electronic cradle because the existing cradles are imported and costly. This paper presents the design and implementation of a new indigenous low cost baby cradle that swings automatically when baby cries. The speed of the cradle can be controlled as per the user’s need. This system helps parents and nurses to take care of babies without physical attention. In the present days we see both the husband and the wife are working .So it becomes quite difficult to take care of their infant. Many a times there are no grandparents in the house; the mother alone has to manage with the household activities. The system architecture consists of sensors for monitoring vital parameters, dc motor for cradle movement, cloud where data is stored and a sound buzzer all controlled by a single Arduino Mega microcontroller core.
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14 Experimental Investigation on Bricks in Replacement of Soil by Waste Plastics
N.Siva, M.Anitha, P.S.Lakman prabu, A.Mahadur Banu, K.P.Ravikumar
Abstract - The main objective of this study is to investigate the potential use of various plastic wastes for producing construction materials. In this paper the study of some of plastic waste materials which we can reuse by certain processing and use it in the production of bricks. The discussed materials have many advantages over conventional/ traditional materials of bricks. This paper discusses the environmental implications caused by the generation of various plastic wastes, and highlights their recycling potentials and possible use for producing construction materials like bricks. The conducted study on recycling of plastic waste and blending it with soil to make a brick and compare with the environmental and economic conditions. Some of these materials are relatively cheaper and provide more strength as compared to traditional brick materials. This project will come up with useful information and creating awareness amongst the learner in the industry regarding waste material. So that one can have a step towards further detailed information about these materials and thus be able to implement on field which will definitely improve the level of construction.
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15 Microcontroller Based Single Axis Sun Tracking Control System
M. Kamal, M.A. Mohamad
Abstract - Solar power is one of the most powerful renewable energy sources. Solar collectors, PV panels and concentrating collectors should be kept aligned with the sun ray to maximize the collected solar energy. In this paper a solar azimuth tracking control system is designed and implemented. The azimuth tracking axis is tilted by the location latitude angle parallel to the celestial north pole. The control system is based on AT89S52 microcontroller with a simple control circuit. This embedded control system offers a reliable and inexpensive method of aligning a solar panel with the sun on single axis.
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16 Boost Buck Converter for Thermoelectric Generators
Pooja V. Alaspure, Pratiksha D.Pohekar, Nayan D. Dindekar, S. J. Tikhe
Abstract - This paper presents a digital cascade controller for a boost buck converter to charge a vehicle battery and supply to the load. The recover of waste heat of the exhaust gas and convert into electric energy in automotive applications. The Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are used. The temperature of the waste heat result the voltage and internal resistor of a TEG. A DC-DC converter used for the electric linking of TEGs to the on board power supply. Track the maximum power point of the TEG. The control of the DC-DC converter must be robust against dynamic changes and additionally. To track the MPP, a hill Ascend (HA) algorithm is implemented, which is also used for photovoltaic. The conversion time of the HA is minimized with an adaptive step size. Width variations of electric parameters of TEG effect the dynamic and stability of the controllers. With closed loop identification, the parameter variation is estimated, and the control parameters can be change. An experimental result shows the efficiency of the adaptive control.
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17 Bus Tracking System Based on Location Aware Services
Priyanka V. Narkhede, Radhika V. Mahalle, Priya A. Lokhande, Reetu M. Mundane, Dhiraj M. Londe
Abstract - BUSES have become an important means of transport in cities. This public transport is used by majority of the population in cities. But as we know that nothing is perfect, buses also have one drawback that is the commuters have to wait for too much time for the bus to arrive; which in turn leads to usage of private vehicles thus leading to increase in fuel consumption. Rather than waiting for buses it would be beneficial for the passengers to know the tentative timing of the buses, so that they can plan their journey accordingly. In this paper, we proposed smart bus tracking system that any passenger with a smart phone or mobile device with the query asked by user on his personal mobile device stops to view estimated bus arrival times, bus current locations, and bus routes on a map. GPS (Global Positioning System) and Google Maps are used for navigation and display services, respectively.
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18 Large Screen Wireless Notice Display System Using Raspberry pi
Ashwini G. Buchande, Shweta G. Balkhande, B. S. Rakhonde
Abstract - This paper is introducing a new notice system which does not require reaching to the display or any pinning or pasting of papers anywhere. The system is consists of the voice alert notice which can be built on single board known as Raspberry Pi which includes ARM8 quad core processor from Broadcom. So, the entire development will be on the linux based operating system and the hardware module is selected as Raspberry Pi. The new system is consist of a text to voice feature, also the message will can be remotely send through email.
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19 Experimental Investigation on Bricks in Replacement of Soil by Municipal Solid Waste
P.S.Lakman Prabu, M.Anitha, N.Siva, A.Mahadur Banu, A.Ayyappan
Abstract - The Concept of the research based on what are the possible resources to reduce the decomposed solid wastes. It is natural that anything buried into the earth, gets converted into earth itself. The same principle applies to the MSW lying at dumping ground. MSW – dumped is subjected to extensive chemical, physical and micro-biological process- collectively called as decomposition. This process converts MSW into decomposed solid waste, new biomass, generates gases, contaminants in solution (leachate), heat, etc., These wastes are converted to useful building and construction material. Recycling of such waste as raw material alternatives may contribute in the exhaustion of the natural resources. In the review of utilization of those waste, this paper reviewed recycling various waste materials in bricks production. The effects of those wastes on the bricks properties as physical, mechanical properties will be reviewed and recommendations for future research as out comings of this review will be given. This reviewed approach on bricks making from waste is useful to provide potential and sustainable solution.
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20 Experimental Investigation on Fixture in Fuel Pipe by Using Rockwell Coupling Method (RC)
R.Harimaheswaran, P.Viswabharathy, A.Arockia Felix, D.Baranidharan, A.Nandha kumar, R.Nandha kumar
Abstract - A fixture is a device for locating, holding and supporting a work piece during a manufacturing operation. It is a production tool that located holds, and supports, the work securely so the required machining operations can be performed. These work holders are designed for applications where the cutting tools cannot be guided as easily as a drill. And it is main purpose of accurate drilling operation. With fixtures, an edge finder, center, finder, or gages block position to the cutter. It must correctly locate a work piece in a given orientation with respect to a cutting tool. And its secure the work piece in that location for the particular processing operation. And they attached to safety locking belt also connected in a fixture. It can be used to operation that requires a precise relationship in the position of a tool to a pipe.
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21 Survey: An Analytic Study of Defect in Surface of Metal
Apeksha Gopal Sharma, P. E. Ajmire
Abstract - Human eyes are enable to detect the micro defect in metal (steel). These defects may cause major problems in device or where it is used. So, the identification of such defects is a challenging task. Today metal (steel) is major row material for various industry. In the digital image processing is one of the major techniques to identify these defects. In this study various types of detection technique of metal are discuss. There is need of accurate and fast detection of metal defect in metal. Traditional methods are unable to detect the minor defect in metal. Some defects cannot be seen by human .If the defective material is used in the part then it results in poor production and quality.
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22 Survey: Human Identification Using Palm Vein Images
Pallavi A. Patil, P. E. Ajmire
Abstract - As far as security is concerned human identification is the most challenging and critical tasks, on the other side it is very important to recognized the person. Security is an important issue in many fields. Human identification is perform through one of the biometric authentication techniques such as palm, finger, iris, ID cards, pin number, passwords etc. Single human identification techniques sometime may unable to identify the person due to this the person belief in the identification techniques will be reduced. The ID may be tamper or hack so it may be unpredictable. It can be easily stolen. To overcome these problem one can use the multiple features in biometrics image processing techniques. These techniques can be used to make it full proof and to identify the correct person. Many researchers are working on this topic some of prominent results and its techniques are mentioned in this paper.
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23 Design and Fabrication of Development of Sand filter and Separator Pedal Powered
M.Ramarao, B.Mahesh, B.Renuka, B.Rampal, M.Rajesh
Abstract - Here we demonstrate the fabrication system. Sand is used in construction, manufacturing and many industries. Sand needs to be filtered and separated from unneeded particles, stones and other large particles before it is put to use. Our system puts forward a fully automated sand filtering and separator system that automatically filters sand poured on it. Here we use amotorized shaft that is mounted horizontally using mounts. The shaft is connected to a filter frame with mesh below and enclosing frame on the sides. We now have a rod connected from the shaft to the filter frame in a way such as to achieve the best horizontal motion. Also we have a frame to hold the filter frame in place while ensuring proper horizontal motion at the same time. On switching on the motor using our motor controller circuit, the system allows to operate the motor. This allows us to operate the sand filter motion for appropriate sand filtering needs.
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24 Design and Fabrication Development of Power-Generating Knee Strap Hints
M.Ramarao, M. Sudeep Reddy, N. Nagesh,G. Gopal Raju, M. Krishna
Abstract - The power generation which is designed to fit onto the outside of the knee, is circular and consists of two spur gears. The spur gear rotates as the knee joint goes through a walking motion. The knee itself is an ideal starting point for energy generation as it has a large change in angle during walking and does so at significant speeds. A spur gear attached to the joint could therefore generate large amounts of power. Non-conventional energy system is very essential at this time to our nation. Non-conventional energy using foot step is converting mechanical energy into the electrical energy. This project using simple spur gear drive mechanism for power generation. In 21st century, the need of electricity and use of electronic devices has increased drasticallty. To overcome it many, source are available i.e. conventional and non-conventional for the generation of electricity. In this paper the focus is drawn towards the use of mechanical power of human to produce electricity. Here a mechanism is developed which is mounted on the knee of human being and by their mechanical movement, electricity is generated. The production of power and its result are also concluded.
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25 Navigation for Visually Impaired with Object Recognition and Voice Assist
S.Murugan@Prakasam, P.Hemalatha, P.Vinodhini
Abstract - The visually impaired who have to rely on others for travelling and other activities find difficult in mobility in unknown environment. The paper presents the architecture as well as the implementation of a system that helps the blind person navigate independently. It has additional components to provide refined location about environmental information. The system assist visually impaired people in different ways like camera, voice and ultrasonic based assistance.It provides information not only about obstacles along the travelled path, but also guide the user in selecting the preferred travel path.The idea of the proposed system to make person aware to walk and to detect the obstacle in the path and object recognition.In addition, the system is provided with a convenient and easy navigation aid for unsighted person, which helps in artificial vision to provide the information about the environmental scenario of static and dynamic objects around them.
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26 Hadoop Image Processing Interface on Multinode Storage Set
D Siva Chidambaram, Venkatesh D, Vinothkumar V, Kathirvel Raj S
Abstract - In the past few years the development in the computer science field and usage of internet led to generation of enormous data all over the world. The Introduction of new technologies slowly decreased the cost of storage. But the data generation rate rising immensely .For analyzing textual data there are lot of tools in Hadoop .But the media files mostly occupied by the Image data. The main problem is not about the storage the images, its about processing and managing the data .Image data plays a major role in social media network. The amount of images being uploaded to the internet is rapidly increasing, with Facebook users uploading 2.5 billion new photos every month, however applications that make use of this data are severely lacking. Current computer vision applications use a small number of input images because of the difficulty is in acquiring computational resources and storage options for large amounts of data The Hadoop Mapreduce platform provides a system for large and computationally intensive distributed processing, though use of Hadoops system is severely limited by the technical complexities. So we propose an open-source Hadoop Image Processing Interface (HIPI).In this paper we proposed how the image data was processed by using service of HDFS and Multinode Hadoop cluster.
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27 Besteering the Robotic Arm Using Steady State Visually Evoked Potential Signal of Direct Neural Interface
S.Murugan@Prakasam, M.Renuka, A.Sangeetha, S.Shanmuga Eswari
Abstract - In this paper the Direct Neural Interface (DNI) and Steady State Visual Evoked Potential (SSVEP) have been effectively integrated to enable the robotic arm to perform operation guided by human mind. First, the Electroencephalography (EEG) signal is captured by using the wearable EEG headset which interprets the actions envisaged in the human operator’s mind. The SSVEP-EEG signal requires no prior information on features in contrast to the traditional servoing mechanisms. The proposed erratic algorithm for DNI generates decree signals for the robotic arm using SSVEP signal features obtained from neural activity of human operator’s brain. The algorithm used in this DNI for SSVEP processing was designed for nonlinear and non-stationary signals. The Empirical State Disintegration (ESD) will decompose the SSVEP signals into Inherent State Function (ISFs). SSVEP-related ISFs were selected by computing the instantaneous frequency, and then the frequency with the maximum presence probability and closest to the stimulation frequency was identified as the target. The outcome is to drive the robotic arm using the intent trajectories in human operator’s mind. Extensive experiment studies executed out to confirm the validity of the proposed method.
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28 Experimental Investigation on Comparison of Soil Stabilization by Using Waste Plastic and Coirfibre
M.Vinoth, A.Ayyappan, P.Keerthana, D.Pandiselvi, K. Priya Dharshini, S.Radhika
Abstract - Soil stabilization is a process which improves the physical properties of soil, such as increasing shear strength, bearing capacity etc. which can be done by use of controlled compaction .This new technique of soil stabilization can be effectively used to meet the challenges of society, to reduce the quantities of waste, producing useful material from non-useful waste materials.Soil stabilization provides a capping layer thereby increases the CBR of the soil to the desired level. The Waste Plastic and coir fibre are used here as stabilization additives.Plastic such as waste plastic bottles is used to as a soil stabilizer to improving the safe bearing capacity of soil. Plastic strips obtained from waste plastic were mixed randomly with the soil is taken as 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75% and 1% This is due to the change in brittle behaviour of the soil to ductile behavior. In this study, the stabilizing effect of Coconut coir Fibre (Natural Fibre) on soil properties has been Experimental studied. Keeping in this view an experimental study is conducted on locally available soil mixed with varying percentage of Coconut coir fibre. Use of Coconut coir Fibre for improving soil property is advantageous because they are cheap, locally available and eco-friendly. The percentage of Coconut coir fibre by dry weight of soil is taken as 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75% and 1%. Tests result indicates that CBR value of soil increases with the increase in Coconut coir fibre content CBR value increases from 8.1 % to 13.2 % of soil mixed with 1% Coconut coir fibre. Adding of coconut coir fibre results in less thickness of pavement due to increase in CBR of mix and reduce the cost of construction and hence economy of the construction will be achieved. This is because of composite effect of Coconut coir fibre (Natural Fibre) changes the brittle behaviour of the soil to ductile behaviour. Soil stabilization has become a major issue in construction engineering and the researches regarding the effectiveness of using natural wastes are rapidly increasing. The use of natural fibers to reinforce soil is an old and ancient idea. The main aim of this paper, compared to the results obtained on waste plastic and coir fibre materials used separately. Therefore, is to review the, benefits, properties and applications of coir fiber in soil reinforcement through reference to published scientific data.
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29 Artificial Intelligence Based Wireless Smart Wheelchair
Avinash Kumar Singh, Mohit Gaharwar
Abstract - Statistics suggests that there are 15,000 new cases of quadriplegia every year in USA. Great people like Stephen Hawking and Max Brito have been suffering from this crippling phenomenon. Our project is an attempt to make lives of the people suffering from this disability easier and simpler. By simpler we mean self-reliant, self-independent which will thereby restore their confidence and bring back their happiness. The main idea is to implement an artificial intelligence based wireless smart wheelchair which allows movement of the patient’s wheelchair depending on the eye movements. The patient sitting on the wheel chair assembly can move in three directions i.e. left, right and straight just by looking directly at the camera. In addition to that the wheel chair will also be able to detect the barriers or obstacles coming on the way with the help of ultrasonic sensors. The real time camera signals are monitored by MATLAB programming. This paper presents the design, development, and implementation of an eye controlled wireless wheelchair based on artificial intelligence which is simple in design, reliable in terms of feasibility.
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30 Optimization of Process parameters in Heat Assisted Turning of Inconel 718 by WASPAS Method and Simulation using ABAQUS Software
Sheik Rehaman, P.Venkataramaiah, A.Kiran Kumar, A.Sreenivasulu Reddy
Abstract - In this paper, series of machining experiments on Inconel 718 has been carried out as per taguchi L18 orthogonal array using coated and uncoated carbides to establish the influence of surface temperature, spindle speed, feed and depth of cut on forces (feed, radial and thrust forces), surface roughness, MRR, power consumption and hardness in hot-turning of Inconel 718 alloy. Carbide tools are in the form of 80° rhomboid shaped inserts without any chip breaker have been used at different cutting conditions. Experiments were conducted on both heat assisted turning and conventional turning to determine the relative advantage offered by hot turning. For heat assisted turning, an LPG set-up was designed and attached to lathe machine. Inconel 718 specimen heated with LPG Gas flame and machined on a lathe under different cutting surface temperatures of 150°C and 300°C. In this paper, the applicability of weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS) method is explored for optimization of cutting parameters. Cutting parameters are optimized by maximizing material removal rate and minimizing surface roughness, forces and power consumption. The simulation has been done with optimized parameters by using ABAQUS software and the results (forces, MRR and power consumption) were compared with the actual experimental results.
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31 Crime Identification using 3-D Face Recognition
Prarthana Sandip Patil, Pournima Paman Patel, Snehal Prakash Sonar, Chaudhari Vrushali Kishor
Abstract - Face acknowledgment is a standout amongst the most difficult subjects in PC vision today. It has applications running from security and observation to amusement sites. Face acknowledgment programming are valuable in banks, airplane terminals, and different organizations for screening clients. Germany and Australia have conveyed confront acknowledgment at outskirts and traditions for Automatic Passport Control. Human face is a dynamic protest having high level of fluctuation in its appearance which makes confront acknowledgment a troublesome issue in PC vision. In this field, precision and speed of ID is a principle issue. Numerous difficulties exist for confront acknowledgment. The power of the framework can be blocked by people who change their facial highlights through wearing hued contact focal points, growing a mustache, putting on serious make-up, and so on. Moral concerns are additionally identified with the way toward recording, contemplating, and perceiving faces. Numerous people don't endorse of observation frameworks which take various photos of individuals who have not approved this activity. The objective of this paper is to assess confront discovery and acknowledgment procedures and give a total answer for picture based face location and acknowledgment with higher exactness, better reaction rate and an underlying advance for video observation. Arrangement is proposed in light of performed tests on different face rich databases as far as subjects, stance, feelings and light.
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32 Quality Assessments of Color Image from CID, iCID Based Optimization
Sejal D.Patel, Ragini S.Patil, Ashwini R.Chaudhari, Puja S.Patil
Abstract - Picture quality measurements have turned out to be extremely prominent and new measurements are proposed consistently. They have as a rule been produced with the objective of connecting with subjective picture quality appraisal. We play out a broad assessment of 60 cutting edge picture quality measurements, including understood measurements, for example, SSIM, multiscale SSIM, VIF, MSE, S-DEE, CID, MAD, S-CIELAB, SHAME, VSNR, and PSNR. Evalu-ation is performed on the on the Colourlab Image Database: Image Quality (CID:IQ), a database comprising of 690 pictures where the subjective information has been gathered at two contrast ent seeing separations. The execution of the picture quality measurements is surveyed regarding connection to subjective information.
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33 High Speed Wallace Tree Multiplier
D. Sai Srinivas, G.Sai Chandu, G.Ajay Kumar, Smithashree Mohapatra
Abstract - Achieving high speed integrated circuits with low power consumption is a major concern for the VLSI circuit designers. Most arithmetic operations are done using multiplier, which is the major power consuming element in the digital circuit. In the present scenario, Fast multipliers with less power consumption are leading with their performance, basically process of multiplication is realized in hardware in terms of shift and add operation. The optimization of adder has led to the improvement in performance of multiplier. In this paper, multiplier is proposed using modified full adder, carry save adder and carry select adder using binary to excess one converter, to bring out the best multiplier with low power and high speed. To analyze the efficiency of proposed design, the conventional Wallace tree multiplier structure is used. The designs are developed using Verilog HDL(vivado) and the functionalities are verified through simulation. Synthesis results of the multiplier shows an average reduction in power, delay compared to the existing approaches.
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